Raymond Kurzweil, Ph.D.
Raymond Kurzweil was the principal developer of the first
omni-font optical character recognition technology, the first
print-to-speech reading machine for the blind, the first CCD
flat-bed scanner and the first commercially marketed large-
vocabulary speech recognition software. Ray has successfully
founded and developed nine businesses in OCR, music syn-
thesis, speech recognition, reading technology, virtual reality,
financial investment, medical simulation, and cybernetic art.
In 1999, Kurzweil received the US National Medal of
Technology, the nations highest honor in technology.
João Pedro de Magalhães, Ph.D.
Microbiologist, research fellow in genetics at Harvard Medical
School, Lipper Center for Computational Genetics, Boston,
USA. His work on the biology of aging relates to cellular
senescence, the telomeres, stress-response mechanisms, and
Werners syndrome. Dr. Magalhães develops computational
approaches aimed at understanding aging from a genomic
Marvin Minsky, Ph.D.
Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Sciences, and Profes-
sor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research has led
to both theoretical and practical advances in artificial intel-
ligence, cognitive psychology, neural networks, and the
theory of Turing Machines and recursive functions. Profes-