94 Human Body Version 2.0 through our personal wireless local area network, and send the rest of the food we eat on its way to be passed through for elimination. If this seems futuristic, keep in mind that intelligent machines are already making their way into our blood stream. There are dozens of projects underway to create blood-stream-based ‘biological   microelectromechanical   systems’   (bioMEMS) with a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic applications. BioMEMS devices are being designed to intelligently scout out pathogens and deliver medications in very precise ways. For  example,  a  researcher  at  the  University  of  Illinois  at Chicago has created a tiny capsule with pores measuring only seven nanometers. The pores let insulin out in a controlled manner but prevent antibodies from invading the pancreatic Islet cells inside the capsule. [1] These nanoengineered devices have cured rats with type I diabetes, and there is no reason that the same methodology would fail to work in humans. Similar systems could precisely deliver dopamine to the brain for  Parkinson’s  patients,  provide  blood-clotting  factors  for patients with hemophilia, and deliver cancer drugs directly to tumor sites. A new design provides up to 20 substance-con- taining reservoirs that can release their cargo at programmed times and locations in the body. Kensall  Wise,  a  professor  of  electrical  engineering  at  the University of Michigan, has developed a tiny neural probe that can provide precise monitoring of the electrical activity of patients with neural diseases. Future designs are expected to also deliver drugs to precise locations in the brain. Kazushi Ishiyama at Tohoku University in Japan has developed micro- machines that use microscopic-sized spinning screws to deliver drugs to small cancer tumors. [2] A  particularly  innovative  micromachine  developed  by Sandia National Labs has actual microteeth with a jaw that opens  and  closes  to  trap  individual  cells  and  then  implant